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Microvesicles are shed from cell surfaces during infectious or inflammatory conditions and may contribute to the pathogenesis of disease. During Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection, microvesicles are released from blood cells. These microvesicles play a part in inflammation, thrombosis, hemolysis, and the transfer of the main virulence factor of STEC strains, Shiga toxin, to target organ cells. This chapter describes how to isolate blood cell- and cell culture-derived microvesicles from plasma or cell culture medium, respectively, and how to characterize these microvesicles by various methods, with special focus on Shiga toxin-associated microvesicles.


Annie Willysson, Anne-Lie Ståhl, Diana Karpman. Isolation and Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Associated Microvesicles. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2021;2291:207-228

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PMID: 33704755

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