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The Dubin Johnson Syndrome (DJS) occurs mostly in young adults but an early-onset of the disease has been reported in less common forms (Neonatal DJS and Infantile DJS). In this case, the clinical findings are of limit for the DJS diagnosis. Hence, the genetic testing remains the method of choice to provide an accurate diagnosis. In our study, we aimed to perform a genetic analysis for two siblings presented with an intrahepatic cholestasis before the age of 1 year to provide a molecular explanation for the developed phenotype. A Tunisian family, having two siblings, manifesting signs of a hepatopathy, was enrolled in our study. A molecular analysis was performed, using a panel-based next generation sequencing, supplying results that were the subject of computational analysis. Then, a clinical follow-up was carried out to assess the evolution of the disease. The genetic analysis revealed the presence of a novel missense c.4179G > T, (p.M1393I) mutation in ABCC2 gene associated with a substitution c.2789G > A (R930Q) in ATP8B1 gene. Predictive results consolidated the pathogenic effect of both variants. These results confirmed the DJS diagnosis in the studied patients. The clinical course of both patients fit well with the benign nature of DJS. We described here a novel ABCC2 mutation associated with a putative ATP8B1 modifier variant. This finding constituted the first report of a complex genotype in DJS. Hence, genetic analysis by a panel-based next generation sequencing permits an accurate diagnosis and the identification of putative variants that could influence the developed phenotype. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Boudour Khabou, Manel Hsairi, Lamia Gargouri, Nabil Miled, Véronique Barbu, Faiza Fakhfakh. Characterization of a novel ABCC2 mutation in infantile Dubin Johnson syndrome. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. 2021 Jul;518:43-50

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PMID: 33713692

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