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    Planovalgus deformity in cerebral palsy is disabling for the child in terms of increased energy expenditure during the gait cycle. The lever arm function of the foot is lost due to midfoot break and the achilles tendon is at a disadvantage being unable to lift the body weight during push-off. We evaluated the results of calcaneal lengthening osteotomy in such patients with clinical, radiological and gait parameters. 17 spastic feet in a sample of 10 children were included in our study. The children were classified according to the GMFCS classification system and clinical parameters such as heel valgus and heel rise tests, radiological angles such as Talo-calcaneal angle and Talo-navicular coverage angle on AP view and Calcaneal pitch angle, calcaneus-5th metatarsal angle and talus-1st metatarsal angle on lateral view were measured. Video gait analysis was performed to observe knee progression angle in mid stance and peak knee flexion angle in mid and terminal stance. Improvement was noted clinically in the heel valgus angle (preop-12.06°, postop-5.12°) and radiological parameters showed an improved coverage of the talus by navicular with simultaneous lifting of the medial longitudinal arch. Gait analysis showed decreased knee flexion trend in mid and terminal stance phase with better restoration of the knee axis. Calcaneal lengthening osteotomy with peroneus brevis lengthening corrects almost all aspects of planovalgus deformity with an improved gait pattern without disturbing joint range of motion. It is a safe procedure for GMFCS grade 1 and 2 patients without much complications. © 2020 Delhi Orthopedic Association. All rights reserved.


    Amit Narang, Alok Sud, Dushyant Chouhan. Calcaneal lengthening osteotomy in spastic planovalgus feet. Journal of clinical orthopaedics and trauma. 2021 Feb;13:30-39

    PMID: 33717872

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