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    Previous work in non-resistance-trained individuals has found that an increase in muscle size has no additive effect on changes in strength. However, it is thought that muscle growth is of increased importance for resistance-trained individuals. Experiment 1: To examine changes in muscle thickness (MT) and one repetition maximum (1RM) strength following 8 weeks of bi-weekly 1RM practice or traditional training. Experiment 2: To determine whether increasing muscle size increases strength potential when followed by 4 weeks of 1RM training. Participants performed biceps curls for 8 weeks (Experiment 1). One arm performed 4 sets of as many repetitions as possible with approximately 70% of 1RM (TRAD), and the other arm performed a single 1RM. For experiment 2, both arms trained for muscle size and strength. Experiment 1 (n = 25): for MT, the posterior probabilities favoured the hypothesis that MT changed more in the TRAD condition [mean difference: 50% site 0.15 (-0.09, 0.21) cm; 60% site 0.14 (0.06, 0.23) cm; 70% site 0.17 (0.10, 0.23) cm]. For 1RM strength, each condition changed equivalently. Experiment 2 (n = 18): for MT, the posterior probabilities favoured the hypothesis that MT changed similarly between conditions following a 4-week strength phase. For changes in 1RM strength, the evidence favoured neither hypothesis (i.e. null vs. alternative). Of note, the mean difference between conditions was small [0.72 (4.3) kg]. 1RM training produces similar increases in strength as traditional training. Experiment 2 suggests that increases in muscle mass may not increase the 'potential' for strength gain. © 2021 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Samuel L Buckner, Noam Yitzchaki, Ryo Kataoka, Ecaterina Vasenina, Wenyuan G Zhu, Tayla E Kuehne, Jeremy P Loenneke. Do exercise-induced increases in muscle size contribute to strength in resistance-trained individuals? Clinical physiology and functional imaging. 2021 Mar 16

    PMID: 33724646

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