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The association between cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphisms and neurological deterioration in stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients is not completely understood. Hence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to quantify this association. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Excerpta Medica Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and WanFang databases were searched for studies published up to April 2019. Prospective cohort studies that reported an association between CYP2C19 polymorphisms and neurological deterioration in stroke/TIA patients were included. Data on risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were extracted and pooled by the authors. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. Twelve eligible studies were included. Twelve studies reported CYP2C19∗2, ∗3 loss-of-function alleles and 5 studies reported CYP2C19∗17 gain-of-function allele. Compared to non-carriers, carriers of CYP2C19∗2, ∗3 loss-of-function alleles had a significantly higher risk of neurological deterioration (RR, 1.63; 95%CI, 1.32-2.02). Conversely, carriers of CYP2C19∗17 gain-of-function allele had a significantly lower risk of neurological deterioration (RR, 0.520; 95%CI, 0.393-0.689) compared to non-carriers. This meta-analysis demonstrated that the carriers of CYP2C19∗2, ∗3 loss-of-function alleles have an increased risk of neurological deterioration compared to non-carriers in stroke or TIA patients. Additionally, CYP2C19∗17 gain-of-function allele can reduce the risk of neurological deterioration. Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Jiajing Wang, Jie Kuang, Yingping Yi, Chen Peng, Yanqiu Ge, Shujuan Yin, Xiaolin Zhang, Jibiao Chen. Does CYP2C19 polymorphisms affect neurological deterioration in stroke/TIA patients?: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Medicine. 2021 Mar 19;100(11):e25150

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PMID: 33725999

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