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Post-fracture calcium and phosphorus excretion is greater than influx, which might be caused by stress. Glucocorticoid is known to enhance calcium and phosphorous excretion, and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to exert inhibitory effects on glucocorticoid. Therefore, this study explored whether H2S could inhibit calcium and phosphorus loss after fracture by regulating glucocorticoid and/or its receptor. The following properties were analyzed in rats with femur fractures: serum and urinary calcium and phosphorus (by colorimetry); bone turnover markers alkaline phosphatase, serum type 1 collagen amino terminal peptide, type 1 procollagen carboxy terminal peptide, and anti-tartaric acid phosphatase (by ELISA); factors related to calcium-phosphorus metabolism including glucocorticoid, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, fibroblast growth factor 23, and 1,25(OH)2D3 (by ELISA); and sulfhydration of glucocorticoid receptor α in the kidney (by immunoprecipitation linked biotin-switch assay), after supplementing with mifepristone, the H2S donor GYY4137 or H2S generating enzyme inhibitors aminooxyacetic acid and propargylglycine. Serum H2S decreased and glucocorticoid secretion increased in rats post-fracture. The glucocorticoid receptor inhibitor mifepristone partly blunted calcium and phosphorus loss. Furthermore, supplementation with GYY4137 reduced glucocorticoid secretion; inhibited glucocorticoid receptor α activity by sulfhydration; downregulated vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase expression; and upregulated 24-hydroxylase, calbindin-D28k, and sodium phosphate cotransporter 2a expression in the kidney; thereby inhibiting calcium and phosphorus loss induced by fracture. Moreover, inhibiting endogenous H2S generation showed opposite effects. Our findings suggest that H2S antagonized calcium and phosphorus loss after fracture by reducing glucocorticoid secretion and inhibiting glucocorticoid receptor α activity by sulfhydration. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Feng Liao, Zongdong Zhu, Chengwei Xiao, Jiabin Yuan, Bin Geng, Jiang Hu. Hydrogen sulfide inhibits calcium and phosphorus loss after fracture by negatively regulating glucocorticoid/glucocorticoid receptor α. Life sciences. 2021 Jun 01;274:119363

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PMID: 33737083

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