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Symptomatic arrhythmias rarely occur during pregnancy and are predominantly benign. However, the increasing average age of women who are pregnant, especially in Western European countries, has contributed to a significant increase in arrhythmias in pregnant women in recent years. Previous or existing heart diseases can increase the occurrence of arrhythmias. In most cases pregnancy is safe and without consequences for the child and/or mother. Further cardiological work-up (including ECG and echocardiography, and possibly cardiac MRI) should always be performed. The indication for treatment should be made in close cooperation between obstetricians and cardiologists considering symptoms, hemodynamics and prognosis. In the absence of larger studies on efficacy and side effects of antiarrhythmic drugs, these should be administered very cautiously, under strict indication and whenever possible by avoiding the first trimester. Cardiologists with special expertise in arrhythmias should always be consulted, especially in the case of complex and relevant rhythm disturbances.

Citation

Lars Eckardt. Cardiac arrhythmias in pregnancy : Epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and treatment options]. Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie. 2021 Mar 19


PMID: 33740101

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