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To investigate the expression pattern and diagnostic performance of matrix metalloproteinase 28 (MMP28) in pancreatic cancer (PC).The RNA-seq data of PC and normal pancreas tissue were acquired from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression. Clinical information of PC that included prognostic data was obtained from TCGA. Later, Fisher exact test was applied for comparison of different clinicopathological features between high and low expression of MMP28 in PC. Afterwards, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox analysis (univariate and multivariate analysis) were used to explore the prognostic performance of MMP28 in PC cohort. Finally, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) revealed the potential signaling pathways related to high expression of MMP28 in PC.Upregulation of MMP28 was identified in PC tissue compared to normal pancreas tissue (P < .001). Overexpression of MMP28 was related to histological grade (P < .001), M classification (P = .014), and survival status (P = .028). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that high level of MMP28 implied unfavorable prognosis in PC (P = .002). Multivariate analysis confirmed that MMP28 was an independent risk factor in PC (hazard rate = 1.308, P = .018). Our GSEA analysis found that signaling pathways including glycolysis, p53 pathway, notch signaling, estrogen response late, cholesterol homeostasis, estrogen response early, mitotic spindle, and transforming growth factor beta signaling were enriched in the group with higher MMP28 expression.High expression of MMP28 could be identified in PC, which also served as an independent risk element for PC. Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Zhitao Chen, Jiacheng Huang, Mengxia Li, Lele Zhang, Dalong Wan, Shengzhang Lin. High expression of MMP28 indicates unfavorable prognosis in pancreatic cancer. Medicine. 2021 Mar 26;100(12):e25320

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PMID: 33761734

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