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In our earlier investigation, we reported the consequences of uranium (U)-induced oxidative stress and cellular defense mechanisms alleviating uranium toxicity in the marine yeast Yarrowia lipolytica NCIM 3589. However, there is lack of information on stress response towards uranium toxicity at molecular level in this organism. To gain an insight on this, transcriptional response of Y. lipolytica after exposure to 50 µM uranium was investigated by RNA sequencing at the global level in this study. The de novo transcriptome analysis (in triplicates) revealed 56 differentially expressed genes with significant up-regulation and down-regulation of 33 and 23 transcripts, respectively, in U-exposed yeast cells as compared to the control, U-unexposed cells. Highly up-regulated genes under U-treated condition were identified to be primarily involved in transport, DNA damage repair and oxidative stress. The major reaction of Y. lipolytica to uranium exposure was the activation of oxidative stress response mechanisms to protect the important biomolecules of the cells. On the other hand, genes involved in cell wall and cell cycle regulation were significantly down-regulated. Overall, the transcriptional profiling by RNA sequencing to stress-inducing concentration of uranium sheds light on the various responses of Y. lipolytica for coping with uranium toxicity, providing a foundation for understanding the molecular interactions between uranium and this marine yeast.


Nilesh Kolhe, Abhijeet Kulkarni, Smita Zinjarde, Celin Acharya. Transcriptome Response of the Tropical Marine Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica on Exposure to Uranium. Current microbiology. 2021 May;78(5):2033-2043

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PMID: 33772621

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