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To retrospectively evaluate the clinical significance of the peaks of N-acetyl mucinous compounds (NAMC) at 2 ppm and lipid at 1.3 ppm in in-vivo proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy for distinguishing benign and malignant mucinous tumors in patients with ovarian masses. MR spectroscopy was performed in patients with pathologically diagnosed mucinous ovarian tumors at 3 T MRI system. The peaks of NAMC, lipid, and total choline compounds (tCho) were classified into three classes in comparison with the noise level by visual estimation. The NAMC concentration was quantified relative to unsuppressed water by using LCModel analysis. A total of 27 ovarian mucinous tumors in 27 patients were included in this study. The NAMC peak was observed in all 27 mucinous tumors, and the lipid peak was observed in 14 of 27 tumors: 1 of 9 benign tumors (11%), and 13 of 18 malignant tumors (11 borderline malignancies and 7 carcinomas) (72%). The presence of the lipid peak for the diagnosis of malignant mucinous tumor showed generally better diagnostic ability than MR imaging, with a sensitivity of 72%, specificity of 89%, accuracy of 78%, PPV of 93%, and NPV of 62%. The concentration of the NAMC in malignant mucinous tumors tended to be higher than that in benign mucinous tumors, but there was no statistically significant difference. The bimodal peaks of NAMC and lipid are suggestive of malignant mucinous tumors, and the presence of the lipid peak may be useful in distinguishing benign from malignant ovarian mucinous tumors. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Mayumi Takeuchi, Kenji Matsuzaki, Masafumi Harada. Clinical value of N-acetyl mucinous compounds and lipid peaks in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian mucinous tumors by MR spectroscopy. Clinical imaging. 2021 Oct;78:127-135

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PMID: 33780785

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