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To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of Kisspeptin protein and activities of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis(HPOA) in rats with Letrozole-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Female SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, PCOS model and EA groups (n=6 rats in each group). The PCOS model was established by continuous gavage of letrozole for 21 d. EA(2 Hz/100 Hz, 0.6-1.4 mA) was applied to bilateral "Daimai" (GB26) for 20 min, once every day for 15 d. Body mass was measured every 4 days. Serum follicular stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), and testosterone (T) were detected by radioimmunoassay. Histopathological changes of the ovarian were observed after H.E. staining, and the expression level of Kisspeptin protein in the hypothalamus was detected by Western blot. Following modeling, the body mass, serum T and LH contents, hypothalamic Kisspeptin protein expression and the number of ovarian follicles were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the number of ovarian corpus luteum was apparently decreased in comparison with the normal group (P<0.01). After EA intervention, the serum T, LH and E2 contents, the expression of Kisspeptin protein and the number of ovarian follicles were notably down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the number of corpus luteum was significantly increased (P<0.01) in comparison with the model group. EA can regulate the levels of sex hormones and HPOA of PCOS rats, which may be related to its effect in down-regulating the expression of Kisspeptin protein in the hypothalamus.


Ling-Yu Shen, Xiong-Fei Chang, Liang Pan, Xiao-Jing Liu, Zhen-Fan Yang, Hui Hu. Effect of electroacupuncture on expression of Kisspeptin protein in hypothalamus of rats with polycystic ovary syndrome]. Zhen ci yan jiu = Acupuncture research. 2021 Feb 25;46(2):106-10

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PMID: 33788430

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