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Dormex is widely used as a plant growth regulator in developing countries such as Egypt as well as worldwide. Despite the widespread use of Dormex, little is known about the exact mechanism of action and toxic profile. The current study aims to outline the factors that predict in-hospital outcome and the need for intensive care unit (ICU) admission among the patients who presented with acute hydrogen cyanamide exposure as well as to evaluate the roles of the Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS) and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score as unfavorable outcome predictors. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study including all cases diagnosed with acute hydrogen cyanamide exposure who presented to the Tanta Poison Control Center during the past 6 years (January 1, 2015-January 1, 2020). Patient data were collected in a case report form, including the history of exposure, clinical data, laboratory investigations, and radiologic studies. Four scoring systems were carried out upon presentation: the Glasgow Coma Scale, poison severity score, MODS, and SOFA score. Thirty-five patients were enrolled in the current study. Most of the presented cases were males exposed unintentionally in an occupational setting. The mean participant age was 34.1 ± 15.51 years. The most common presenting complaints were throat irritation in all cases, vomiting and hallucinations presented equally in 68.6%, and headache occurred in 51.4%, whereas skin and mucous membrane burn was present in 40% of cases. Patients showing one or more of the following criteria were expected to have an urgent need for ICU admission: MODS >3.5, SOFA >4.5, length of hospital stay >30 hours, prothrombin time >14.75 seconds, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase >67.5 U/L, and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase >58.5 U/L. When the length of hospital stay was combined with the four scoring systems, only MODS yielded a significant prediction. Study results indicate that MODS and SOFA scores are considered excellent outcome predictors; MODS is more accurate, specific, and treatment independent, whereas the use of the SOFA score is more feasible with simple cardiovascular function assessment.

Citation

Asmaa Fady Sharif, Manar Maher Fayed. Evaluation of Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS) and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score as in-hospital outcome predictors among cases of hydrogen cyanamide exposure: a cross-sectional study. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021 Apr 02


PMID: 33797718

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