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Several years ago, the crystallographic structures of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in the presence of agonists and antagonists were reported, providing structural information about its chemical activation and inactivation. TRPV1's activation increases the transport of calcium and sodium ions, leading to the excitation of sensory neurons and the perception of pain. On the other hand, its antagonistic inactivation has been explored to design analgesic drugs. The interactions between the antagonists 5,5-diarylpentadienamides (DPDAs) and TRPV1 were studied here to explain why they inactivate TRPV1. The present work identified the structural features of TRPV1-DPDA complexes, starting with a consideration of the orientations of the ligands inside the TRPV1 binding site by using molecular docking. After this, a chemometrics analysis was performed (i) to compare the orientations of the antagonists (by using LigRMSD), (ii) to describe the recurrent interactions between the protein residues and ligand groups in the complexes (by using interaction fingerprints), and (iii) to describe the relationship between topological features of the ligands and their differential antagonistic activities (by using a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) with 2D autocorrelation descriptors). The interactions between the DPDA groups and the residues Y511, S512, T550, R557, and E570 (with a recognized role in the binding of classic ligands), and the occupancy of isoquinoline or 3-hydroxy-3,4-dihydroquinolin-2(1H)-one groups of the DPDAs in the vanilloid pocket of TRPV1 were clearly described. Based on the results, the structural features that explain why DPDAs inactivate TRPV1 were clearly exposed. These features can be considered for the design of novel TRPV1 antagonists.


Julio Caballero. Computational Modeling to Explain Why 5,5-Diarylpentadienamides are TRPV1 Antagonists. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2021 Mar 21;26(6)

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PMID: 33801115

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