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    To establish whether serum bilirubin levels vary in healthy term neonates according to seasonal variations and meteorological factors, we retrospectively studied 3344 healthy term neonates born between 2013 and 2018. Total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels were measured on the fourth day after birth. The monthly and seasonal variations in TSB levels and clinical and meteorological effects on TSB levels were assessed. In the enrolled neonates, the median TSB level was 195 µmol/L. The TSB level peaked in December and was the lowest in July, but the variation was not statistically significant. The TSB level was significantly higher in the cold (October to March) than in the warm season (April to September; p = 0.01). The comparison between seasonal differences according to sex showed TSB levels were significantly higher in the cold than in the warm season in male infants (p = 0.001), whereas no significant difference was observed in female infants. A weakly negative but significant association existed between TSB levels and the mean daily air temperature (r = -0.07, p = 0.007) in only the male population; the female population showed no significant correlation between TSB levels and meteorological parameters. The season of birth is an etiological factor in neonatal jaundice, with an additional influence from sex.


    Shigeo Iijima, Toru Baba, Miyuki Kondo, Tomoka Fujita, Akira Ohishi. Effects of Season of Birth and Meteorological Parameters on Serum Bilirubin Levels during the Early Neonatal Period: A Retrospective Chart Review. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2021 Mar 09;18(5)

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    PMID: 33803240

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