Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • cytoplasm (1)
  • in p (1)
  • litchi (1)
  • MAPK (6)
  • phytophthora (1)
  • plant (1)
  • plant diseases (1)
  • plant leaves (1)
  • plant proteins (2)
  • signal (1)
  • sporangium (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    As an evolutionarily conserved pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades function as the key signal transducers that convey information by protein phosphorylation. Here we identified PlMAPK2 as one of 14 predicted MAPKs encoding genes in the plant pathogenic oomycete Peronophythora litchii. PlMAPK2 is conserved in P.litchii and Phytophthora species. We found that PlMAPK2 was up-regulated in sporangium, zoospore, cyst, cyst germination and early stage of infection. We generated PlMAPK2 knockout mutants using the CRISPR/Cas9 method. Compared with wild-type strain, the PlMAPK2 mutants showed no significant difference in vegetative growth, oospore production and sensitivity to various abiotic stresses. However, the sporangium release was severely impaired. We further found that the cleavage of the cytoplasm into uninucleate zoospores was disrupted in the PlMAPK2 mutants, and this developmental phenotype was accompanied by reduction in the transcription levels of PlMAD1 and PlMYB1 genes. Meanwhile, the PlMAPK2 mutants exhibited lower laccase activity and reduced virulence to lychee leaves. Overall, this study identified a MAPK that is critical for zoosporogenesis by regulating the sporangial cleavage and pathogenicity of P.litchii, likely by regulating laccase activity.


    Jiamin Huang, Pinggen Xi, Yizhen Deng, Weixiong Huang, Jingrui Wang, Qingqing Zhao, Wensheng Yang, Wen Li, Junjian Situ, Liqun Jiang, Tianfang Guan, Minhui Li, Zide Jiang, Guanghui Kong. The Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase PlMAPK2 Is Involved in Zoosporogenesis and Pathogenicity of Peronophythoralitchii. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Mar 29;22(7)

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33805371

    View Full Text