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Pinin (PNN) was originally characterized as a desmosome-associated molecule. Its function and the mechanism of its regulation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are still undefined. Data on PNN expression, clinicopathological features, and prognosis of patients with RCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Immunohistochemistry revealed high PNN expression in tumour cells. PNN expression showed negative correlation with survival in patients with RCC, acting as an independent prognostic factor in RCC. PNN up-regulation might be attributed to epigenetic alterations in RCC. Immunofluorescence revealed PNN expression mainly in the nucleus of RCC cells. The transfection of siRNA targeting the PNN gene resulted in enhanced apoptosis, which was detected by flow cytometry, and reduced cell migration and invasion, which were assessed using wound healing and transwell migration assay. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed associations between PNN expression and several signalling pathways involved in cancer progression, as a potential mechanism underlying the carcinogenicity of PNN. The analyses of the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource platform showed significant positive associations between high PNN expression and tumour immune infiltrating cells. PNN may function as an oncogenic factor by reducing apoptosis and promoting cell migration and invasion in RCC. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Ming Jin, Dan Li, Weihong Liu, Ping Wang, Zhenfei Xiang, Kaitai Liu. Pinin acts as a poor prognostic indicator for renal cell carcinoma by reducing apoptosis and promoting cell migration and invasion. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. 2021 May;25(9):4340-4348

PMID: 33811436

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