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This study aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins in the serum of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients responding to carboplatin (CAR) plus paclitaxel (PTX) chemotherapy compared to non-responders. Serum from 8 responders and 6 non-responders was subjected to proteomic analysis by label-free liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and validated by western blotting. CAR/PTX-resistant human H1792 and A549 cells were used for evaluating gene expression. Fifty-two proteins were differentially expressed between responders and non-responders. Alpha 1 antitrypsin antibody, alpha 1 acid glycoprotein (A1AG1), afamin, protein S100-A9 and immunoglobulin heavy constant gamma 3 (IGHG3) were validated. IGHG3 was elevated (p=0.037) while A1AG1 was reduced (p=0.003) in responders as compared to non-responders. Gene expression of IGHG3 and ORM1 in resistant cells showed consistent results with the proteomics profiles. Serum expression levels of IGHG3 and A1AG1 proteins may be useful to recruit an NSCLC subpopulation that can benefit from CAR plus PTX standard therapy. Copyright © 2021 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.


May Myat Mon, Chantragan Srisomsap, Daranee Chokchaichamnankit, Kamolwan Watcharatanyatip, Churat Weeraphan, Jisnuson Svasti, Kajornkiat Maneechai, Paramee Thongsuksai, Pritsana Raungrut. Serum Proteomic Profiling Reveals Differentially Expressed IGHG3 and A1AG1 as Potential Predictors of Chemotherapeutic Response in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Anticancer research. 2021 Apr;41(4):1871-1882

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PMID: 33813392

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