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    The aim: The aim of our research is to study the features of toxic osteomyelitis in drug addicts, their diagnosis and comprehensive treatment, aimed at strengthening motivation for the suspension of the use of psychoactive substances and the elimination of the pathological process in the lower jaw. Materials and methods: The features of toxic osteomyelitis, complicated by abuse, have been studied on 46 patients in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery of Lviv regional clinical hospital during 2013-2019. Psychoactive substances, used by the patients, varied from homemade drugs "Screw" taken by 32 men (69.5%), synthetic drug amphetamine consumed by 10 men (21,7%) to Subutex used by 4 patients (8,7%) for their pleasure. All the patients underwent comprehensive examination, which included clinical, laboratory, radiological, pathohistological studies. Almost all patients - 41 ( 89.1% ) underwent sequestrectomy. Results: Clinical picture progressed quite rapidly in the form of diffuse destructive-necrotic osteomyelitis of the mandible, which was characterized by a severe, atypical course of the pathological process with permanent inclusion of other additional areas of the lesion of the mandible. The X-ray at this stage showed an increase in destructive processes in the bone. Conclusions: Appropriate surgical tactics and pathogenetic therapy are of great importance for toxic osteomyelitis in drug addicts. Due to the treatment, despite the total destruction of the mandible, it was possible to stop the destructive bone processes and to preserve life for such patients.

    Citation

    Oleh S Fitkalo, Roman Z Ohonovskyi, Khrystyna R Pohranychna, Yaroslav P Nahirnyi, Andriy V Netlyukh. CLINICAL FEATURES OF TOXIC JAW BONE OSTEOMYELITIS IN DRUG ADDICTS. Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960). 2021;74(2):263-267

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    PMID: 33813483

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