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ANCA+ associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of rare diseases with potentially vision-threatening complications. Ocular and orbital complications of these diseases are caused by vasculitis of the small vessels of the eye or by granulomatous mass formation. ANCA (anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies) represent a key component of pathophysiological pathways as well as a diagnostic marker. Various manifestations are reported in literature, scleritis and episcleritis being the most common, followed by pseudotumor orbitae. In vision-threatening orbital or ocular disease, aggressive systemic treatment with a combination of high-dose glucocorticoids and either cyclophosphamide or rituximab is needed. Certain cases require locoregional surgical management to preserve ocular integrity or vision. Ocular involvement of AAV remains a challenge in clinical practice, requiring multi-specialty cooperation in order to ensure the best possible visual outcome. Abbreviations: AAV = ANCA+ associated vasculitis, ANCA = anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, GPA = granulomatosis with polyangiitis, EGPA = eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, MPA = microscopic polyangiitis. ©Romanian Society of Ophthalmology.

Citation

Simion Macarie Sorin, Mihăilă Răzvan-Marian, Mariana Macarie Daniela, Toc Dan-Alexandru. Therapy of ocular complications in ANCA+ associated vasculitis. Romanian journal of ophthalmology. 2021 Jan-Mar;65(1):10-14

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PMID: 33817427

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