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    Cell-cell communication is necessary for cellular immune response. Hemichannel closure disrupts communication between intracellular and extracellular environments during polydnavirus-induced immunosuppression in invertebrates. However, the effects of hemichannel closure on cellular immune response are unclear. Here, we examined apoptotic body formation triggered by hemichannel closure in hemocytes of Spodoptera litura infected with bracovirus from the parasitic wasp, Microplitis bicoloratus. We showed that Microplitis bicoloratus bracovirus (MbBV) induced apoptotic cell disassembly, accompanied by hemichannel closure. Hemocyte apoptotic body formation was caused by the dysregulation of the innexins (Inxs), Inx1, Inx2, Inx3, and Inx4, during the MbBV-mediated inhibition of pI3K/AKT signaling and activation of caspase-3, which cleaved gap junction Inx proteins. Our results showed that hemichannel opening or closure in response to various stimuli, which induces the modulation of Inx levels, could inhibit or activate apoptotic body formation, respectively. Therefore, the "hemichannel open and close" model may regulate the cellular immune response. © 2021 The Author(s).


    Chang-Xu Chen, Hao-Juan He, Qiu-Chen Cai, Wei Zhang, Tian-Chao Kou, Xue-Wen Zhang, Shan You, Ya-Bin Chen, Tian Liu, Wei Xiao, Qi-Shun Zhu, Kai-Jun Luo. Bracovirus-mediated innexin hemichannel closure in cell disassembly. iScience. 2021 Apr 23;24(4):102281

    PMID: 33817584

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