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Kisspeptin-10 (Kp-10) is a peptide hormone that regulates normal physiological processes. The mechanism of Kp-10 in milk synthesis is still unclear. Therefore, bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) were used to study the mechanism by which Kp-10 affects milk synthesis in BMECs. The GPR54 inhibitor and SIRT6 overexpression plasmid and siRNA were used to study the mechanism of regulating milk protein and milk fat synthesis by Kp-10. The results showed that 100 nM Kp-10 increased milk synthesis in BMECs. SIRT6 overexpression could significantly reduce the milk protein and milk fat synthesis in BMECs. Moreover, overexpression of SIRT6 reversed the activation of the Kp-10-induced mTOR signaling pathway. Further analysis suggested that SIRT6 might regulate the signal transduction of mTOR at the transcriptional level. These results strongly suggested that Kp-10/GPR54 activated the mTOR signaling pathway by inhibiting SIRT6 expression and then increased the milk synthesis in BMECs.


Yu Cao, Guiqiu Hu, Qing Zhang, Lijun Ma, Jiaxin Wang, Wen Li, Yusong Ge, Ji Cheng, Zhanqing Yang, Shoupeng Fu, Juxiong Liu. Kisspeptin-10 Maintains the Activation of the mTOR Signaling Pathway by Inhibiting SIRT6 to Promote the Synthesis of Milk in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2021 Apr 14;69(14):4093-4100

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PMID: 33818062

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