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    Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) is the only food rich in flavonoid bioactive substances in grains. Studies have shown that flavonoids interaction with amylose has an important impact on the physical and chemical properties and structure of starch. In this study, Tartary buckwheat was used as a raw material. It was then threshed with pullulanase, and a high amylose Tartary buckwheat starch flavonoid complex (HBS/BF) was prepared by physical mixing (PM), water bath treatment (WT), acid-base precipitation (AP), microwave treatment (MT), and ultrasonic treatment (UT); the physical and chemical properties were then evaluated. The results show that HBS/BF-UT and HBS/BF-MT have a higher iodine binding rate than HBS/BF-PM; X-ray diffraction results show that HBS/BF-AP has a V-type crystal form, but the relative crystallinity was reduced. Fourier infrared spectroscopy showed that there is no new covalent bond between Tartary buckwheat starch and flavonoids. In vitro digestion showed that adding flavonoid significantly increased the digestibility of Tartary buckwheat starch. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: These results will provide a theoretical basis for further starch anti-digestion mechanisms and the preparation of resistant starch. These steps will provide insights into the application of Tartary buckwheat starch and flavonoids in the food industry. Ā© 2021 Institute of Food TechnologistsĀ®.


    Xiaoli Zhou, Shichou Wang, Yiming Zhou. Study on the structure and digestibility of high amylose Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) starch-flavonoid prepared by different methods. Journal of food science. 2021 Apr;86(4):1463-1474

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    PMID: 33818774

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