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H/ACA Box ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs) play a major role in modification of rRNA and snRNA, catalyzing the sequence specific pseudouridylation in eukaryotes and archaea. This enzymatic reaction takes place on a substrate RNA recruited via base pairing to an internal loop of the snoRNA. Eukaryotic snoRNPs contain the four proteins Nop10, Cbf5, Gar1 and Nhp2, with Cbf5 as the catalytic subunit. In contrast to archaeal H/ACA RNPs, eukaryotic snoRNPs contain several conserved features in both the snoRNA as well as the protein components. Here, we reconstituted the eukaryotic H/ACA RNP containing snR81 as a guide RNA in vitro and report on the effects of these eukaryote specific features on complex assembly and enzymatic activity. We compare their contribution to pseudouridylation activity for stand-alone hairpins versus the bipartite RNP. Using single molecule FRET spectroscopy, we investigated the role of the different eukaryote-specific proteins and domains on RNA folding and complex assembly, and assessed binding of substrate RNA to the RNP. Interestingly, we found diverging effects for the two hairpins of snR81, suggesting hairpin-specific requirements for folding and RNP formation. Our results for the first time allow assessing interactions between the individual hairpin RNPs in the context of the full, bipartite snoRNP. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.


Sven Trucks, Gerd Hanspach, Martin Hengesbach. Eukaryote specific RNA and protein features facilitate assembly and catalysis of H/ACA snoRNPs. Nucleic acids research. 2021 May 07;49(8):4629-4642

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PMID: 33823543

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