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    Previous studies have shown that eye drop application of the selective α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist, PNU-282987, induces neurogenesis of RGCs in adult wild-type rodents. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that PNU-282987 reverses the loss of RGCs associated with glaucoma. A DBA/2J mouse model that auto-induces a glaucoma-like condition in adulthood was used for these studies. Short-term effects using PNU-282987 and BrdU eye drop treatments were examined, as well as the effects of early treatment and the effects in a chronic early treatment group in DBA/2J mice aged 3, 6 and 10 months. With and without treatment, retinas were removed, fixed, immunostained and RGC counts were assessed. IOP measurements were obtained weekly using a Tonolab tonometer. Results showed an average typical loss of BrdU positive RGCs by 29% by 10 months of age in this DBA/2J colony corresponding with a significant increase in IOP. However, the two-week short term application of PNU-282987 and BrdU induced a significant 21% increase in RGCs for DBA/2J mice at all ages. Chronic early PNU-282987 treatment produced a similarly significant increase in RGCs, while acute early treatment had no effect on RGC numbers. IOP measurements were not affected with PNU-282987 treatment. These studies demonstrated that 2-week treatment with PNU-282987, as well as chronic long-term treatment, induced a significant increase in the number of RGCs in the DBA/2J retina, counteracting the effects of the DBA/2J genetic glaucoma-like condition. These results suggest a potential future treatment of degenerative retinal diseases with PNU-282987.

    Citation

    J R Paris, N C Sklar, C L Linn. BrdU Positive Cells Induced in a Genetic Mouse Model of Glaucoma. Journal of ophthalmology & visual sciences. 2021;6(1)


    PMID: 33829147

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