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Mineralized tissue regeneration is an important and challenging part of the field of tissue engineering and regeneration. At present, autograft harvest procedures may cause secondary trauma to patients, while bone scaffold materials lack osteogenic activity, resulting in a limited application. Loaded with osteogenic induction growth factor can improve the osteoinductive performance of bone graft, but the explosive release of growth factor may also cause side effects. In this study, we innovatively used platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)-modified bone scaffolds (Bio-OssĀ®) to replace autograft, and used cytokine (BMP-2) to enhance osteogenesis. Encouragingly, this mixture, which we named "Autograft Mimic (AGM)", has multiple functions and advantages. (1) The fiber network provided by PRF binds the entire bone scaffold together, thereby shaping the bone grafts and maintaining the space of the defect area. (2) The sustained release of BMP-2 from bone graft promoted bone regeneration continuously. (3) AGM recruited bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and promote their proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation. Thus, AGM developed in this study can improve osteogenesis, and provide new guidance for the development of clinical bone grafts.


Yan Wei, Guixin Zhu, Zifan Zhao, Chengcheng Yin, Qin Zhao, Hudi Xu, Jinyang Wang, Jinglun Zhang, Xiaoxin Zhang, Yufeng Zhang, Haibin Xia. Individualized plasticity autograft mimic with efficient bioactivity inducing osteogenesis. International journal of oral science. 2021 Apr 12;13(1):14

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PMID: 33846295

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