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Significance: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is prevalent in the aging population and leads to venous leg ulcers (VLUs). These wounds can last and recur for years, significantly impacting quality of life. A large body of literature exists on CVD and VLU diagnosis and treatment. Multiple algorithms, guidelines, and consensus documents have been published on this topic, highlighting the importance of this issue in clinical practice. However, these documents are not fully aligned with each other. Recent Advances: The latest update of the internationally used classification system for CVD was recently published. Our review aims to summarize the existing information to provide an educational tool for clinicians new to this topic, and to highlight the commonalities between the published recommendations. Critical issues: VLUs need to be treated with consideration for the extent of venous disease present in the patient. This requires a good understanding of the various components involved and the possible additional concomitant conditions by the first-line clinician who encounters the patient. A multidisciplinary team is necessary for a successful overall treatment plan, and this plan should be tailored to each patient's specific needs and lifestyle. Future Directions: Compression is still the mainstay of treatment for CVD and VLUs. Compression is needed long term, but it does not suffice by itself to prevent recurrences without interventional correction. Venous intervention should be offered early to prevent or slow disease progression and reduce recurrence.

Citation

St├ęphanie F Bernatchez, Jill Eysaman-Walker, Dot Weir. Venous Leg Ulcers: A Review of Published Assessment and Treatment Algorithms. Advances in wound care. 2022 Jan;11(1):28-41

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PMID: 33848433

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