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    β-1,3-glucans, natural polysaccharide groups, exert immunomodulatory effects to improve the innate response and disease resistance in aquatic species and mammals. However, this β-glucan stimulant is yet to be assayed in swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) hemocytes. In this study, we explored the immunomodulatory effect of β-1,3-glucans (derived from Euglena gracilis) via in vitro 24 h stimulation assays in swimming crab hemocytes. We found that this algal β-1,3-glucans in crab hemocytes significantly elevated cellular enzymes related parameters, including phenoloxidase (PO), lysozyme, acid phosphatase (ACP) activities, and superoxide anion generation (O2-) rate both at intracellular (P < 0.05) and extracellular (P < 0.05) levels. Besides, alkaline phosphatase (AKP) in hemocytes exhibited no significant differences across the groups (P > 0.05). β-glucan significantly influenced (P < 0.05) the activities of the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD) in hemocytes. Moreover, the relative mRNA expression of numerous immune-related genes, including proPO, TLR-2, Alf-1, NOX, Lysozyme, Crustin-1, and Cuznsod, was significantly higher stimulated hemocytes than in control (P < 0.05). We also reported the dose-dependent antiparasitic activity against Mesanophyrs sp., in stimulated hemocytes than in the control (P < 0.05). The present study collectively demonstrated that β-glucan potentially stimulates innate immunity by elevating cellular enzyme responses and up-regulating the mRNA expression of genes associated with crab innate immunity. Thus, β-glucan is a promising immunostimulant for swimming crab farming in crustaceans aquaculture. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Summia Perveen, Lujia Yang, Suming Zhou, Bo Feng, Xiao Xie, Qicun Zhou, Dong Qian, Chunlin Wang, Fei Yin. β-1,3-Glucan from Euglena gracilis as an immunostimulant mediates the antiparasitic effect against Mesanophrys sp. on hemocytes in marine swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus). Fish & shellfish immunology. 2021 Jul;114:28-35

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    PMID: 33848639

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