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    Ischemic stroke is an injury caused by temporary or permanent cerebral vascular occlusion. It has a high incidence, mortality, and disability rate in clinical practice, and thus poses a considerable threat to public health as one of the top three major conditions endangering human health. Vascular endothelial growth factor is a specific mitogen of endothelial cells and a protein factor that is closely related to ischemic stroke. Vascular endothelial growth factor plays an important role in a multitude of physiological and pathological conditions. As a potential angiogenic protein for the treatment of ischemic stroke, vascular endothelial growth factor plays a role in promoting angiogenesis and neuroprotection and regeneration. At the same time, it plays a role in brain edema, collateral artery formation, and atherosclerosis. An increase in vascular endothelial growth factor levels contributes to the early pathological changes in patients with stroke and is closely related to the formation of cerebral edema in ischemic stroke complications. In theory, the neuroprotective and angiogenic effects of vascular endothelial growth factor make it an ideal candidate for the treatment of stroke. Here, we review the mechanism by which vascular endothelial growth factor participates in various stages of ischemic stroke and its prospects for use in the treatment of ischemic stroke.


    Bing Chen, Yishu Zhang, Simiao Chen, Li Xuran, Jingyi Dong, Weiyan Chen, Shuiliang Tao, Weiji Yang, Yuyan Zhang. The role of vascular endothelial growth factor in ischemic stroke. Die Pharmazie. 2021 Apr 01;76(4):127-131

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    PMID: 33849695

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