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Cyclophilins (Cyps) are a group of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases that play crucial roles in regulatory mechanisms of cellular physiology and pathology in several inflammatory conditions. Their receptor, CD147, also participates in the development and progression of the inflammatory response. Nevertheless, the main function of Cyps and their receptor are yet to be deciphered. The release of CypA and the expression of the CD147 receptor in activated T lymphocytes were already described, however, no data are available about other Cyps in these cells. Therefore, in the present work intra and extracellular CypA, B and C levels were measured followed by induced inflammatory conditions. After activation of T lymphocytes by incubation with concanavalin A, both intra and extracellular Cyps levels and the CD147 membrane receptor expression were increased leading to cell migration towards circulating CypA and CypB as chemoattractants. When CypA was modulated by natural and synthetic compounds, the inflammatory cascade was avoided including T cell migration. Our results strengthen the relationship between CypA, B, and C, their receptor, and the inflammatory process in human T lymphocytes, associating CypC with these cells for the first time. Copyright © 2021 Gegunde, Alfonso, Alvariño, Alonso and Botana.

Citation

Sandra Gegunde, Amparo Alfonso, Rebeca Alvariño, Eva Alonso, Luis M Botana. Cyclophilins A, B, and C Role in Human T Lymphocytes Upon Inflammatory Conditions. Frontiers in immunology. 2021;12:609196


PMID: 33859635

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