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    Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a great interest polymer due to its excellent film-forming, emulsifying, microwave dielectrics and adhesive properties. However, PVA is a water-soluble synthetic polymer making it susceptible to environmental factors. In this work, PVA is crosslinked at room temperature using divinyl sulfone (DVS) as a crosslinker, and the obtained crosslinked PVA (XPVA) is water-insoluble. Crosslinking mechanism is proposed, thermal and microwave dielectric properties of X-PVA are studied. The studies revealed that X-PVA has better thermal stability and microwave absorption properties. The obtained minimum reflection loss (RL) of X-PVA is -23 dB (filler-free) with entire X-band (8.2-12.4 GHz) absorption bandwidth (RL ≤ -10 dB), indicating excellent microwave absorption properties. Artificial neural network (ANN) predicted RL of X-PVA also matched well with the experimental data. Electromagnetic power simulation suggests that the microwave power absorption density due to the dielectric loss is intrinsically predominant in X-PVA compared to the pristine PVA. Further, the ratio of electromagnetic energy to heat energy conversion power (absorption) of X-PVA is much higher than pristine PVA, indicating the suitability for self-powered devices. X-PVA also fulfils many commercial requirements such as bulk level facile synthesis, large area fabrications, ultralight, and inexpensive. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


    Pritom J Bora, Amith G Anil, Praveen C Ramamurthy, Yee Hui Lee. Chemically Room Temperature Crosslinked Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) with Anomalous Microwave Absorption Characteristics. Macromolecular rapid communications. 2021 May;42(10):e2000763

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    PMID: 33864302

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