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    When our liver does not work well, it can induce damage to other organs causing their dysfunction. With this background, we aim to study the effect of liver fibrosis on other organs such as heart, lungs, kidney and spleen by assessing the variations in the inherent emission property of the tissue, using fluorescence spectroscopy. Fluorescence emission spectra from excised organs of liver fibrosis induced rats were collected at excitation wavelengths 320 and 410 nm. Optical redox ratio derived from the spectral data supported by multivariate statistical analysis, principal component analysis followed by linear discriminant analysis (PCA-LDA) distinguished between control and fibrosis induced groups. The two different excitation wavelength provided variations in the endogenous flurophores collagen, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), lipopigments and porphyrins. Additionally, evaluation of redox ratio provided variations in tissue metabolic activity of different organs. The PCA-LDA modelling yielded a sensitivity of 85 to 97% and specificity of 80 to 96% on 320 nm excitation and a sensitivity of 72 to 100% and specificity of 59 to 100% on 410 nm excitation. Fluorescence emission spectral study along with multivariate analysis paved way to identify the biochemical alterations caused to other organs due to the development of liver fibrosis, which could lead to their damage and dysfunction. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Shaiju S Nazeer, T P Sreedevi, Ramapurath S Jayasree. Autofluorescence spectroscopy and multivariate analysis for predicting the induced damages to other organs due to liver fibrosis. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. 2021 Aug 05;257:119741

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    PMID: 33872953

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