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This study investigated the feasibility of using immunohistochemistry (IHC) instead of PCR to detect BRAF V600E mutant protein in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and to determine the value of using preoperative BRAF V600E mutant protein by IHC to assist in the diagnosis of thyroid nodule patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).The expression of BRAFV600E mutant protein was measured in 23 cases of HT+PTC, 31 cases of PTC, and 28 cases of HT by IHC, followed by PCR in the same samples for validation. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis.The sensitivity and specificity of IHC to detect BRAF V600E mutation were 100% and 42.86%, respectively. In addition, the mutation rate of BRAF V600E protein in the HT+PTC group (34.78%, 8/23) was lower than that in the PTC group (80.65%, 25/31).The application of IHC to detect BRAF V600E mutant protein has good sensitivity but not specificity to diagnose PTC. IHC can be used as a preliminary screening method to detect BRAF V600E mutation. The strongly positive (+++) staining of IHC potently indicated BRAF V600E gene mutation. For suspicious thyroid nodules combined with HT, the detection of BRAF V600E mutant protein with IHC alone is not of great significance for differentiating benign and malignant nodules. Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Yini Zhang, Lidan Liu, Ye Liu, Nan Cao, Lifen Wang, Chengjuan Xing. Clinical significance of immunohistochemistry to detect BRAF V600E mutant protein in thyroid tissues. Medicine. 2021 Apr 23;100(16):e25566

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PMID: 33879712

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