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End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with a number of serious complications, including increased cardiovascular disease, anaemia and metabolic bone disease. Optic atrophy secondary to chronic anaemia in ESRD is rare. We report a case of bilateral optic atrophy in a young patient with chronic anaemia secondary to ESRD. A 23-year-old lady with ESRD, presented with progressive blurring of vision in her left eye for a period of six months. Visual acuity in the left eye was counting finger and the right eye was 6/6. Left optic nerve functions were significantly reduced. Bilateral anterior segments and intraocular pressure were normal. Funduscopy showed bilateral pale disc with arteriolar attenuation. The infective, autoimmune and demyelinating screening were negative. Serial full blood count indicated low haemoglobin and haematocrit value. The full blood picture revealed normocytic normochromic anaemia. Neuroimaging was normal. The patient was diagnosed as having bilateral optic atrophy secondary to chronic anaemia due to ESRD. Chronic anaemia is a potential cause of optic atrophy in a young patient with chronic disease. Management of anaemia in such cases is crucial to prevent irreversible complications including optic atrophy and blindness. Copyright © 2021, AB Gani et al.


Nor Hasnida Ab Gani, Mohtar Ibrahim, Wan-Hazabbah Wan Hitam, Nurul Ain Masnon, Amirah Hassan. Bilateral Optic Atrophy in a Young Patient With Chronic Anaemia Secondary to End-Stage Renal Disease. Cureus. 2021 Mar 18;13(3):e13969

PMID: 33884230

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