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    The rational design of a hollow heterostructure promotes the development of highly durable anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Herein, carbon-confined MoO2/Sn/NC@NC heterostructured nanotubes evolving from MoO3 nanorods have been successfully synthesized for the first time. In the growth of the Mo/Sn precursor, a peculiar microstructure evolution occurs from solid rods to hollow tubes through a solid-liquid reaction. The MoO2/Sn composite is restricted within the double carbon layer after subsequent annealing and carbonization that distinctly inherits the morphology of the Mo/Sn precursor. The resulting electrode shows good capacities with hardly any attenuation (925.4 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1) and excellent long cycle life (620.1 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles at 2 A g-1). The MoO2/Sn/NC@NC nanotubes contain the synergistic effect, elaborate core-shell structure, large specific surface areas, and abundant voids. These superiorities not only provide beneficial channels for the electrolyte to fully come into contact with electrode materials and more active sites for redox reactions but also effectively alleviate the volume fluctuation and sustain the electrical connectivity to retain a stable solid-electrolyte interface layer, indeed, bringing about the prominent Li-storage performance. The present study paves a feasible avenue to prepare core-shell structures with high reversible capacity and long-term cycle performance for energy storage devices.


    Haoji Wang, Hao Wang, Daxu Zhang, Gen Chen, Long Chen, Ning Zhang, Renzhi Ma, Xiaohe Liu. Double Confined MoO2/Sn/NC@NC Nanotubes: Solid-Liquid Synthesis, Conformal Transformation, and Excellent Lithium-Ion Storage. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2021 May 05;13(17):19836-19845

    PMID: 33885287

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