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We analyzed the mechanisms underlying enhanced IgA production in the cells of Peyer's patch cells via membrane vesicles derived from Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei NBRC 15893. Depletion of CD11c+ cells from Peyer's patch cells suppressed the enhanced IgA production mediated by membrane vesicles. Meanwhile, the stimulation of bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells with membrane vesicles increased gene expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2, and several inflammatory cytokines. The production of nitric oxide and interleukin (IL)-6 by membrane vesicle stimulation was induced via Toll-like receptor 2 on bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase and retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2, as well as the neutralization of IL-6 in Peyer's patch cells, suppressed the enhanced IgA production by membrane vesicle stimulation. Hence, nitric oxide, retinoic acid, and IL-6 induced by membrane vesicles play crucial roles in the enhanced IgA production elicited by membrane vesicles in Peyer's patch cells. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry.


Yuki Miyoshi, Azusa Saika, Takahiro Nagatake, Ayu Matsunaga, Jun Kunisawa, Yoshio Katakura, Shino Yamasaki-Yashiki. Mechanisms underlying enhanced IgA production in Peyer's patch cells by membrane vesicles derived from Lactobacillus sakei. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. 2021 May 25;85(6):1536-1545

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PMID: 33885732

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