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    MED1 often serves as a surrogate of the general transcription coactivator complex Mediator for identifying active enhancers. MED1 is required for phenotypic conversion of fibroblasts to adipocytes in vitro, but its role in adipose development and expansion in vivo has not been reported. Here, we show that MED1 is not generally required for transcription during adipogenesis in culture and that MED1 is dispensable for adipose development in mice. Instead, MED1 is required for postnatal adipose expansion and the induction of fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis genes after pups switch diet from high-fat maternal milk to carbohydrate-based chow. During adipogenesis, MED1 is dispensable for induction of lineage-determining transcription factors (TFs) PPARγ and C/EBPα but is required for lipid accumulation in the late phase of differentiation. Mechanistically, MED1 controls the induction of lipogenesis genes by facilitating lipogenic TF ChREBP- and SREBP1a-dependent recruitment of Mediator to active enhancers. Together, our findings identify a cell- and gene-specific regulatory role of MED1 as a lipogenesis coactivator required for postnatal adipose expansion. Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.


    Younghoon Jang, Young-Kwon Park, Ji-Eun Lee, Danyang Wan, Nhien Tran, Oksana Gavrilova, Kai Ge. MED1 is a lipogenesis coactivator required for postnatal adipose expansion. Genes & development. 2021 May 01;35(9-10):713-728

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    PMID: 33888555

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