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Background: Decreased expression of the T cell receptor (TCR) ζ-chain has been reported in autoimmune diseases. Recent evidence suggests that this deficiency may be due to polymorphisms in the CD3Z (CD247) gene and/or due to promoter hypermethylation.Methods: Altogether 131 subjects - 36 with dermatomyositis (DM) and 95 healthy controls were genotyped for rs1052230 G > C and rs1052231 T > A polymorphisms using TaqMan assay. The rs840015 G > A polymorphism was analyzed by direct sequencing. The promoter methylation status was analyzed by Sanger sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA.Results: The rs1052230GC genotype and C allele and the rs1052231TA genotype and T allele were found to correlate with photosensitivity as well as the rs1052230C/rs1052231T haplotype. The rs1052231TA genotype was found to be associated with cutaneous disease. The rs840015GG genotype was found increased among patients with DM, leading to increased OR 2.4. On the contrary, the rs840015GA genotype appeared to be protective for the development of DM. From the 11 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) islands analyzed, only the 8th island showed a difference in its methylation due to the polymorphism rs840015 G > A within this island, as our results suggest. In this way the presence of AA genotype led to no methylation and the presence of the GG genotype was associated with hemimethylation.Conclusion: The CD247 rs1052230 G > C and rs1052231 T > A polymorphisms appeared to have a disease-modifying role. The rs840015GA genotype being associated with reduced methylation has a protective role for the development of dermatomyositis and our results suggest that CpG related single nucleotide polymorphisms may play an important role in autoimmunity.

Citation

Radoslava Saraeva, Zornitsa Kamenarska, Lyubomir Dourmishev, Anton Vinkov, Gyulnas Dzhebir, Darina Kachakova, Neviana Ivanova, Joana Pozharashka, Radka Kaneva, Maria Hristova. CD3Z polymorphisms and promoter hypermethylation in dermatomyositis - the role of cytosine-phosphate-guanine-related single nucleotide polymorphisms. Immunological investigations. 2021 Apr 27:1-9


PMID: 33902375

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