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Anemia is a common complication in patients with renal failure. While erythropoietin is commonly used to treat anemia, some patients exhibit a poor response to erythropoietin. Since store-operated calcium channel (SOC) signaling is one of the erythropoietin activated pathways, we aimed to investigate the association between the genetic polymorphisms of SOC signaling pathway and erythropoietin resistance in patients with renal failure.Four tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms in STIM1 and five in ORAI1 were selected in this study. Genotyping was performed with the TaqMan Allelic Discrimination assay and the association of individual tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms with erythropoietin resistance was analyzed by multivariable adjusted random intercepts model.194 patients were enrolled in this study. The mean age of participants is 68 years, and 56% were men. The mean erythropoietin resistance index was 9.04 ± 4.51 U/Kg/week/g/dL. We found that patients with the AA genotype of rs1561876 in STIM1, and the CC or CT genotypes of rs6486795 in ORAI1, were associated with increased risk of erythropoietin resistance. Functional annotation of expression quantitative trait loci revealed that the AA genotype of rs1561876 in STIM1 has a relatively lower expression of ribonucleotide reductase catalytic subunit M1 in skeletal muscle, while the CC genotype of rs6486795 in ORAI1 has a relatively higher expression of ORAI1 in the whole blood and thyroid.Overall, we demonstrate a significant association between erythropoietin resistance and genetic polymorphisms of STIM1 and ORAI1. Annotation prediction revealed the importance of SOC-mediated calcium signaling for erythropoietin resistance. Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Chih-Chin Kao, Henry Sung-Ching Wong, Yu-Jia Wang, Wan-Hsuan Chou, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Mai-Szu Wu, Wei-Chiao Chang. The role of genetic polymorphisms in STIM1 and ORAI1 for erythropoietin resistance in patients with renal failure. Medicine. 2021 Apr 30;100(17):e25243

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PMID: 33907089

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