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Anticholinergics, therapeutic agents for overactive bladder, are clinically suggested to reduce urine output. We investigated whether this effect is due to bladder or kidney urine reabsorption. Various solutions were injected into the bladder of urethane-anesthetized SD rats. The absorption rate for 2 h was examined following the intravenous administration of the anticholinergics imidafenacin (IM), atropine (AT), and tolterodine (TO). The bilateral ureter was then canulated and saline was administered to obtain a diuretic state. Anticholinergics or 1-deamino-[8-D-arginine]-vasopressin (dDAVP) were intravenously administered. After the IM and dDAVP administrations, the rat kidneys were immunostained with AQP2 antibody, and intracellular cAMP was measured. The absorption rate was ~ 10% of the saline injected into the bladder and constant even when anticholinergics were administered. The renal urine among peaked 2 h after the saline administration. Each of the anticholinergics significantly suppressed the urine production in a dose-dependent manner, as did dDAVP. IM and dDAVP increased the intracellular cAMP levels and caused the AQP2 molecule to localize to the collecting duct cells' luminal side. The urinary reabsorption mechanism through the bladder epithelium was not activated by anticholinergic administration. Thus, anticholinergics suppress urine production via an increase in urine reabsorption in the kidneys' collecting duct cells via AQP2.


Hideki Oe, Hatsumi Yoshiki, Xinmin Zha, Hisato Kobayashi, Yoshitaka Aoki, Hideaki Ito, Osamu Yokoyama. Urinary reabsorption in the rat kidney by anticholinergics. Scientific reports. 2021 Apr 28;11(1):9191

PMID: 33911165

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