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    glycosyltransferase B4GALNT2 and its cognate carbohydrate antigen Sda are highly expressed in normal colon but strongly downregulated in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). We previously showed that CRC patients expressing higher B4GALNT2 mRNA levels displayed longer survival. Forced B4GALNT2 expression reduced the malignancy and stemness of colon cancer cells. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were determined in "The Cancer Genome Atlas" (TCGA) COAD cohort for several glycosyltransferases, oncogenes, and tumor suppressor genes. Whole expression data of coding genes as well as miRNA and methylation data for B4GALNT2 were downloaded from TCGA. the prognostic potential of B4GALNT2 was the best among the glycosyltransferases tested and better than that of many oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes; high B4GALNT2 expression was associated with a lower malignancy gene expression profile; differential methylation of an intronic B4GALNT2 gene position and miR-204-5p expression play major roles in B4GALNT2 regulation. high B4GALNT2 expression is a strong predictor of good prognosis in CRC as a part of a wider molecular signature that includes ZG16, ITLN1, BEST2, and GUCA2B. Differential DNA methylation and miRNA expression contribute to regulating B4GALNT2 expression during colorectal carcinogenesis.


    Michela Pucci, Nadia Malagolini, Fabio Dall'Olio. Glycosyltransferase B4GALNT2 as a Predictor of Good Prognosis in Colon Cancer: Lessons from Databases. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Apr 21;22(9)

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    PMID: 33919332

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