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    Bacteria live in different environments and are subject to a wide variety of fluctuating conditions. During evolution, they acquired sophisticated systems dedicated to maintaining protein structure and function, especially during oxidative stress. Under such conditions, methionine residues are converted into methionine sulfoxide (Met-O) which can alter protein function. In this review, we focus on the role in protein quality control of methionine sulfoxide reductases (Msr) which repair oxidatively protein-bound Met-O. We discuss our current understanding of the importance of Msr systems in rescuing protein function under oxidative stress and their ability to work in coordination with chaperone networks. Moreover, we highlight that bacterial chaperones, like GroEL or SurA, are also targeted by oxidative stress and under the surveillance of Msr. Therefore, integration of methionine redox homeostasis in protein quality control during oxidative stress gives a complete picture of this bacterial adaptive mechanism. Copyright © 2021 Aussel and Ezraty.

    Citation

    Laurent Aussel, Benjamin Ezraty. Methionine Redox Homeostasis in Protein Quality Control. Frontiers in molecular biosciences. 2021;8:665492


    PMID: 33928125

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