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In this study, the effect of different growth substrates on the production of biosurfactants in the PPL strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens-a biocontrol agent for diseases affecting pepper and tomato plants-and on the antiviral effect of the PPL strain on Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-infected pepper plants was investigated. The multifunctional PPL strain exhibited enhanced growth and increased production of biosurfactants upon lecithin supplementation and consequently exhibited potent anti-CMV activity. The enhanced anti-CMV activity of the lecithin-supplemented PPL culture could be attributed to the antiviral effect as well as to the upregulation of plant defense-related genes. Treatment with pure commercial fengycins elicited a defense response against CMV in pepper plants; this effect was similar to that observed upon treatment with the lecithin-supplemented PPL culture. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the antiviral activity of lecithin-induced fengycin lipopeptides. These results suggest that the growth substrate affects antimicrobial production by B. amyloliquefaciens PPL, and consequently its antiviral activity. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Beom Ryong Kang, Joon Seong Park, Woo-Jin Jung. Antiviral activity by lecithin-induced fengycin lipopeptides as a potent key substrate against Cucumber mosaic virus. Microbial pathogenesis. 2021 Jun;155:104910

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PMID: 33930417

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