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Neonatal sepsis accounts for a large proportion of neonatal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of access to diagnostic testing and excessively long turnaround times to result contributes to delays in sepsis identification and initiation of appropriate treatment. This study aims to evaluate the novel InTrays COLOREX Screen and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase for rapid identification of bacterial pathogens causing sepsis and detection of resistance. Neonates with suspected sepsis admitted to the Harare Central Hospital were prospectively enrolled. One blood culture was collected and incubated using the BacT/ALERT automated system. Positive blood cultures with potential pathogens identified by Gram stain were inoculated on the InTray COLOREX Screen and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase culture plates. A total of 216 neonates with suspected sepsis were recruited. Pathogens were isolated from blood cultures in 56 (25.9%) neonates of which 54 were Klebsiella pneumoniae. All K. pneumoniae were resistant to ceftriaxone and 53 (98%) were resistant to gentamicin. Sensitivity and specificity for ceftriaxone-resistant K. pneumoniae detection using InTrays were 100%. InTrays results were interpretable as early as 5-10 hours (median 7 hours, interquartile range 7-7) post blood culture positivity enabling rapid identification and notification of result and leading to a 60% reduction in time to result from blood culture collection. This study shows that the implementation of a novel culture method was feasible and reduced turnaround times for results by 60% compared with standard microbiologic techniques. An impact on patient outcomes and cost-effectiveness of this method needs to be demonstrated. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Gwendoline Chimhini, Ioana Diana Olaru, Felicity Fitzgerald, Mutsawashe Chisenga, Cecilia Ferreyra, Nada Malou, Jeremie Piton, Simbarashe Chimhuya, Shunmay Yeung, Surjo De, Hilda A Mujuru, Katharina Kranzer. Evaluation of a Novel Culture System for Rapid Pathogen Identification and Detection of Cephalosporin Resistance in Neonatal Gram-negative Sepsis at a Tertiary Referral Unit in Harare, Zimbabwe. The Pediatric infectious disease journal. 2021 Sep 01;40(9):785-791

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PMID: 33941744

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