Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Activation of the transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) pathway modulates the expression of genes involved in cell growth arrest, motility, and embryogenesis. An expression screen for long noncoding RNAs indicated that TGFβ induced mir-100-let-7a-2-mir-125b-1 cluster host gene (MIR100HG) expression in diverse cancer types, thus confirming an earlier demonstration of TGFβ-mediated transcriptional induction of MIR100HG in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. MIR100HG depletion attenuated TGFβ signaling, expression of TGFβ-target genes, and TGFβ-mediated cell cycle arrest. Moreover, MIR100HG silencing inhibited both normal and cancer cell motility and enhanced the cytotoxicity of cytostatic drugs. MIR100HG overexpression had an inverse impact on TGFβ signaling responses. Screening for downstream effectors of MIR100HG identified the ligand TGFβ1. MIR100HG and TGFB1 mRNA formed ribonucleoprotein complexes with the RNA-binding protein HuR, promoting TGFβ1 cytokine secretion. In addition, TGFβ regulated let-7a-2-3p, miR-125b-5p, and miR-125b-1-3p expression, all encoded by MIR100HG intron-3. Certain intron-3 miRNAs may be involved in TGFβ/SMAD-mediated responses (let-7a-2-3p) and others (miR-100, miR-125b) in resistance to cytotoxic drugs mediated by MIR100HG. In support of a model whereby TGFβ induces MIR100HG, which then enhances TGFβ1 secretion, analysis of human carcinomas showed that MIR100HG expression correlated with expression of TGFB1 and its downstream extracellular target TGFBI. Thus, MIR100HG controls the magnitude of TGFβ signaling via TGFβ1 autoinduction and secretion in carcinomas.


Panagiotis Papoutsoglou, Dorival Mendes Rodrigues-Junior, Anita Morén, Andrew Bergman, Fredrik Pontén, Cédric Coulouarn, Laia Caja, Carl-Henrik Heldin, Aristidis Moustakas. The noncoding MIR100HG RNA enhances the autocrine function of transforming growth factor β signaling. Oncogene. 2021 May;40(21):3748-3765

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33941855

View Full Text