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    Despite animal evidence of a role of calcium in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury, several studies conducted in the past found calcium blockade ineffective. However, those studies involved oral or parenteral administration of Ca++ antagonists. We hypothesized that Ca++ blockade might be effective with local/immediate application (LIA) at the time of neural injury. In this study, we assessed the effects of LIA of BAPTA (1,2-bis (o-aminophenoxy) ethane-N, N, N', N'-tetraacetic acid), a cell-permeable highly selective Ca++ chelator, after spinal cord transection (SCT) in mice over 4 weeks. Effects of BAPTA were assessed behaviorally and with immunohistochemistry. Concurrently, BAPTA was submitted for the first time to multimodality assessment in an in vitro model of neural damage as a possible spinal neuroprotectant. We demonstrate that BAPTA alleviates neuronal apoptosis caused by physical damage by inhibition of neuronal apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. This translates to enhanced preservation of electrophysiological function and superior behavioral recovery. This study shows for the first time that local/immediate application of Ca++ chelator BAPTA is strongly neuroprotective after severe spinal cord injury. © 2021 The Authors. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Kyu-Ree Kang, Jin Kim, Bokyeong Ryu, Seul-Gi Lee, Min-Seok Oh, Jieun Baek, Xiaoping Ren, Sergio Canavero, C-Yoon Kim, Hyung Min Chung. BAPTA, a calcium chelator, neuroprotects injured neurons in vitro and promotes motor recovery after spinal cord transection in vivo. CNS neuroscience & therapeutics. 2021 May 04

    PMID: 33942993

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