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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) refer to a subpopulation of cancer cells responsible for tumorigenesis, metastasis, and drug resistance. Increasing evidence suggests that CSC-associated tumor neovascularization partially contributes to the failure of cancer treatment. In this review, we discuss the roles of CSCs on tumor-associated angiogenesis via trans-differentiation or forming the capillary-like vasculogenic mimicry, as well as the roles of CSCs on facilitating endothelial cell-involved angiogenesis to support tumor progression and metastasis. Furthermore, we discuss the underlying regulation mechanisms, including the intrinsic signals of CSCs and the extrinsic signals such as cytokines from the tumor microenvironment. Further research is required to identify and verify some novel targets to develop efficient therapeutic approaches for more efficient cancer treatment through interfering CSC-mediated neovascularization.


Fengkai Li, Jiahui Xu, Suling Liu. Cancer Stem Cells and Neovascularization. Cells. 2021 Apr 30;10(5)

PMID: 33946480

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