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    Generation of pancreatic β cells from pluripotent stem cells is a key technology to develop cell therapy for insulin-dependent diabetes and considerable efforts have been made to produce β cells. However, due to multiple and lengthy differentiation steps, production of β cells is often unstable. It is also desirable to eliminate undifferentiated cells to avoid potential risks of tumorigenesis. To isolate β cell precursors from late stage pancreatic endocrine progenitor (EP) cells derived from iPS cells, we have identified CD82, a member of the tetraspanin family. CD82+ cells at the EP stage differentiated into endocrine cells more efficiently than CD82- EP stage cells. We also show that CD82+ cells in human islets secreted insulin more efficiently than CD82- cells. Furthermore, knockdown of CD82 expression by siRNA or inhibition of CD82 by monoclonal antibodies in NGN3+ cells suppressed the function of β cells with glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, suggesting that CD82 plays a role in maturation of EP cells to β cells.

    Citation

    Ami Watanabe, Anna Tanaka, Chizuko Koga, Masahito Matsumoto, Yasushi Okazaki, Tatsuya Kin, Atsushi Miyajima. CD82 is a marker to isolate β cell precursors from human iPS cells and plays a role for the maturation of β cells. Scientific reports. 2021 May 05;11(1):9530


    PMID: 33953224

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