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    Mutations in Myelin Protein Zero (MPZ) cause CMT1B, the second leading cause of CMT1. Many of the >200 mutations cause neuropathy through a toxic gain of function by the mutant protein such as ER retention, activation of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) or disruption of myelin compaction. While there is extensive literature on the loss of function consequences of MPZ in heterozygous Mpz +/- null mice, there is little known of the consequences of MPZ haploinsufficiency in humans. We identified six patients from different families with p.Tyr68Ter or p.Asp104fs heterozygous mutations of MPZ that are predicted to cause a premature termination and nonsense mediated decay of the mutant allele. Five patients were evaluated in Milan and one in Iowa City; all should be haploinsufficient for MPZ. Patients were evaluated clinically and by electrophysiology. Sensory ataxia dominated the clinical presentation with only mild weakness present in five of the six patients. Symptoms presented in adulthood in all patients and only one individual had a CMTNSv2 >5. Deep tendon reflexes were absent in all patients. Patients with likely MPZ loss of function due to mutations that cause haplodeficiency in MPZ have a mild, predominantly large fiber sensory neuropathy that serves as a human equivalent to the neuropathy observed in heterozygous Mpz null mice. Successful therapeutic approaches in treating Mpz deficient mice may be candidates for trials in these and similar patients. © 2021 Peripheral Nerve Society.

    Citation

    Paige Howard, Shawna M E Feely, Tiffany Grider, Alexa Bacha, Marina Scarlato, Raffaella Fazio, Angelo Quattrini, Michael E Shy, Stefano C Previtali. Loss of function MPZ mutation causes milder CMT1B neuropathy. Journal of the peripheral nervous system : JPNS. 2021 Jun;26(2):177-183


    PMID: 33960567

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