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    Intestinal fungi are critical for modulating host immune homeostasis and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We show that dendritic cell (DC)-specific deficiency of casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) renders mice susceptible to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. Mechanistically, we identify that c-Cbl functions downstream of Dectin-2 and Dectin-3 to mediate the ubiquitination and degradation of noncanonical nuclear factor κB subunit RelB. Thus, c-Cbl deficiency in DCs promotes α-mannan-induced activation of RelB, which suppresses p65-mediated transcription of an anti-inflammatory cytokine gene, il10, thereby aggravating DSS-induced colitis. Moreover, suppressing fungal growth with fluconazole or inhibition of RelB activation in vivo attenuates colitis in mice with DC-specific deletion of c-Cbl. We also demonstrate an interaction between c-Cbl and c-Abl tyrosine kinase and find that treatment with DPH, a c-Abl agonist, synergistically increases fungi-induced c-Cbl activation to restrict colitis. Together, these findings unravel a previously unidentified fungi-induced c-Cbl/RelB axis that sustains intestinal homeostasis and protects against intestinal inflammation. Copyright © 2021 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).


    Jie-Lin Duan, Hui-Qian He, Yao Yu, Tao Liu, Shu-Jun Ma, Fan Li, Yan-Shan Jiang, Xin Lin, De-Dong Li, Quan-Zhen Lv, Hui-Hui Ma, Xin-Ming Jia. E3 ligase c-Cbl regulates intestinal inflammation through suppressing fungi-induced noncanonical NF-κB activation. Science advances. 2021 May;7(19)

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    PMID: 33962939

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