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Several previous studies have reported an unusual root formation in which a fractured apical fragment of an immature root continued to develop independent of the main root after trauma to an immature tooth. To date, there have been only rare reports of the continuing apical formation of the fractured root associated with dens evaginatus (DE). This paper presents a case of a separated root tip formation associated with a fractured tubercle of DE. An 11-year-old boy was referred for gingival sinus on the buccal side of the right mandibular second premolar (tooth # 45). Clinically, tooth # 45 was free of caries, but there was a sign of a fractured tubercle of DE on the occlusal surface. Radiography showed that the root canal of tooth # 45 was widely radiolucent. A separated root apex was found apically under the main root and was nearly completely formed with an apical orifice at the apical tip. Tooth # 45 was diagnosed as tubular fracture of DE with chronic apical periodontitis. A revascularization technique was recommended to treat the tooth. At 3-mo and 1-yr follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic. Periapical radiography revealed that the separated root tip distally drifted with closure of the apex. However, the root length and thickness of the main root did not increased. Clinicians should be aware that even if tubercle of DE is fractured in an immature tooth, the root tip may be separated from the main root and completely formed. ┬ęThe Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhi-Fang Wu, Ling-Jiao Lu, Hai-Yan Zheng, Yan Tu, Ying Shi, Zi-Huai Zhou, Lin-Xian Fang, Bai-Ping Fu. Separated root tip formation associated with a fractured tubercle of dens evaginatus: A case report. World journal of clinical cases. 2021 Apr 26;9(12):2944-2950

PMID: 33969081

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